What is macular degeneration?
Macular degeneration, also known as age related macular degeneration, occurs with a disturbance in central vision and peripheral remains preserved. This results in difficulties in activities like reading, writing, clear focusing of objects, recognition of faces. Over time, if not treated, the disease progresses and vision blur gradually develops. This greatly hinders daily activities and worsens the quality of life. The causes of the disease are age-related changes in the macula. There are juvenile forms of the disease in young people and are associated with genetic anomalies.
WHAT MAKES THE MAKULA?
The macula is a very small area of the retina and is made up of mosaic retinal cells. The macula actually depends on good and sharp vision in detail as well as the shape and colors of the objects. When there is a change in the macula, the patient sees the objects deformed, enlarged or diminished. As the process progresses, a spot appears in the central part of the field of vision. Patients report that they see the person’s silhouette facing him and his face but do not see the details by him / eyes, nose, teeth /